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How do patents affect research investments?

How do patents affect research investments?

  Biowebspin, January 30th, 2016 How do patents affect research investments? by Heidi L. Williams, 2017 While patent systems have been widely used both historically and internationally, there is nonetheless a tremendous amount of controversy over whether patent systems – in practice – improve the alignment between private returns and social contributions. In this paper, I describe three parameters... »